Guide Essalltag in Familien: Ernährungsversorgung zwischen privatem und öffentlichem Raum (German Edition)

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  3. Essalltag in Familien Ern hrungsversorgung Zwischen Privatem Un | eBay
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Anhang 1: Kinderfragebogen, Anhang 2: Elternfragebogen nicht erfasst worden. Ebenso belegen KURZ et al. Die Studienergebnisse werden in den Kontext der aktuellen Literatur eingeordnet. Beides erschwert eine vergleichende Darstellung der Ergebnisse.


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Die im Rahmen dieser Arbeit aufgestellte Teil- Hypothese sechs - vgl. Diese Unterschiede bestehen im Bezug auf den Erhebungszeitraum, das Alter der Befragten, das Erhebungsinstrument und die Fragestellung. Kinder und Jugendliche schauen demnach etwas mehr als zwei Stunden an Schultagen und etwas mehr als drei Stunden an den Wochenendtagen Fernseh-Sendungen oder Videos. Dabei handelt es sich um Selbstangaben der Kinder und Jugendlichen. Das Ergebnis des Methodenvergleichs wird in Kapitel 5. Gilt eine solche Limitierung, ist denkbar dass Kinder und Eltern entsprechend antworten.

In welcher Menge Alkohol konsumiert wurde, ist nicht erfasst worden. In der Elternbefragung hat weniger als ein Drittel der Eltern geantwortet, dass ihr Kind schon einmal Alkohol probiert hat. Deutlich weniger Kinder haben gemeinsam mit Freunden oder alleine Alkohol probiert. Unterschiede zwischen den SES-Gruppen sind dabei nicht erkennbar. Hinsichtlich der Wohnregion zeigt sich, dass mehr Kinder aus sozialen Brennpunkten Alkohol probiert haben als aus den Stadtrandgebieten.

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PC-Zeit besteht. Die Settings Wohnregion und Schule sowie Familie und Freundeskreis beeinflussen die Sozialisation und damit auch die gesundheitsrelevanten Verhaltensweisen der Kinder. Diese Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit, dem Bewegungsmangel zielgruppenspezifisch entgegen zu wirken. Stadtentwicklungsplaner sollten dabei u. Weitere Voraussetzungen sind das Vorhandensein niedrigschwelliger Sportangebote und Multiplikatoren, wie z. Einhergehend mit Integrationsprogrammen kann auf diese Weise die Mitgliederquote von Kindern mit Mitgrationshintergrund gesteigert werden.

Die nachfolgend dargestellten Handlungsempfehlungen konnten zum Teil aus den Befragungsergebnissen der vorliegenden Studie abgeleitet werden. Es wurde auf die Wirkung von kognitiven und emotionalen Strategien gesetzt. Kenn Dein Limit. Die Eltern stellen eine schwer erreichbare Gruppe dar. Eine gemeinsame Ansprache von Eltern und Kindern, v. Eltern sollten sich bewusst sein, dass sie eine Vorbildfunktion haben. Abstinenzforderungen erscheinen eher unrealistisch, da die Gefahr besteht, dass die Eltern dann den Zugang und das Vertrauen zu ihren Kindern verlieren. Dabei sollte ihre Geburtsregion bzw.

Neben setting-orientierten bzw. Mehr bewegen. Die Qualifizierung von Multiplikatoren ist in diesem Zusammenhang erforderlich. Zielgruppe sind Kinder und Jugendliche aus sozial benachteiligten Familien. Sport und Bewegung, 2. Die Eltern wurden telefonisch befragt.

Spearmans Rangkorrelationskoeffizient berechnet. Unterschiede zwischen den SESGruppen bestehen dabei nicht. Lebensjahr das erste Mal Alkohol. National and international studies show that children who are affected by poverty face more health problems than children who are not affected by poverty. The primary aim is to analyse socio-economic differences in health and nutrition behaviour as well as in nutrition and health status of fourth grade primary school children living in Nuremberg, Germany.

Thereby, data agreement concidering the statements of parents and their children is to be determined. Based on these results, public health recommendations will be developed in order to improve nutrition and health behaviour of the target population. Methods In this quantitative cross-sectional study nutritional status was assessed by measuring anthropometric data hight and weight. Nutrition and health behaviour of fourth grade primary school children was assessed using standardised questionnaires which were completed by the children during classes at school.

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Additional questions on food choice motives, physical activity and inactivity as well as alcohol and tobacco consumption were included. SES-Group-specific differences in nutrition and health status as well as in nutrition and health behaviour were calculated by applying fisher's exact test, chi-square test, MannWhitney-U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. The proportion of overweight and obese children is higher in families with low SES compared to families with middle or high SES. Regarding blood analysis, lower serum levels of selenium have been found in children from families with low SES compared to those from middle and high SES families.

Moreover, SES-group-specific differences appear in serum levels of triglycerides and HDL, indicating that children from low SES families show an unfavourable lipid profile. However, children of all SES groups have an unfavourable fatty acid pattern especially in terms of total dietary cholesterol and fatty acid composition.

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More children from families with low SES show an unfavorable dietary pattern compared to children from families with middle or high SES. This difference is mainly based on different consumption frequencies of soft drinks, fast food and meat.

Food of these groups is mainly consumed by children from families with low SES. With regard to food choice motives, children prefer the food they are offered at home. This applies to children of all three SES groups. Exceptions are the food choice motives concerning the consumption of whole grain bread, fruit and fish. Children of all three SES groups answer to choose these foods because it is healthy.

Differences in food choice motives between the SES groups are found for the avoidance of vegetables and the preference of meat and cold cuts. No differences between SES groups have been discovered. Overall there is only a slight agreement of children and their parents regarding the initial alcohol consumption among children. Fewer children from families with low SES are members of sports club in comparison to children from families with middle or high SES.

Although, calculated on a daily basis, children from families with low SES are about half an hour less physically active than children from families with higher SES. Children from families with low SES spend more time watching television or using the computer, compared to children from families with higher SES. Measured serum selenium levels are in the range of data obtained from pupils of the same age group living in Baden-Wuerttemberg south Germany.


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Differences in dietary patterns of children from families with low, middle and high SES are consistent with findings from national and international studies. Also the food choice motives of the study population are consistent with results of other studies: children eat the food they are offered by their parents. According to the Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA , adolescents smoke their first cigarette between the age of eleven and twelve and consume their first alcoholic drink on average between 13 and 14 years.

However, as data of the present study show, even much younger children try tabacco and alcohol. This assumption is supported by results of other representative studies, showing that children who grow up in urban areas are less physically active than children from rural areas KLAES et al. This discrepancy is most likely based on differences in the study design. Research Perspective and Recommendations In order to formulate group-specific obesity preventive actions for school children, further data analysis regarding their ususal dietary intake are needed.

Further studies regarding correlation of physical activity and screen-time of primary school children 9 SUMMARY seem to be important. Children from immigrant families seem to be a relevant group for future research regarding nutriton and health behaviour. A bundge of target group specific behavioural preventive actions is needed in order to influence nutrition and health behaviour of children from families with low SES in a positive way. To positively influence nutrition and health behaviour of children from families with low SES, it is crucial to formulate group-specific behavioural prevention strategies.

Essalltag in Familien Ern hrungsversorgung Zwischen Privatem Un | eBay

These prevention strategies must be individually tailored to the particular circumstances of children and their parents in their social environment in order to create sustainable healthy living conditions. Moreover, better networking of all stakeholders in the fields of politics, school, medicine, sports club, social work is necessary to establish effective preventive actions. Also, new ways of access to children and their parents have to be found. Conclusion A monitoring system is required to detect relevant changes in health and nutrition status of children and adolescents in a contemporary and group-specific manner.

In this regard, the social position of the target group should be taken into account.

Essalltag in Familien Ern hrungsversorgung Zwischen Privatem Un... 9783531160535

For future prevention research, it is important to find new ways of accessing children from low SES families and their parents. It is recommended to evaluate all preventive actions focusing on their success and record "best-practice programs". The most successful programs should proceed in a sustainable prevetion-instution.

An established prevention program will create a sense of security and reliability for all actors in the field and is cheaper to implement than developing continuously new programs. Aktueller Leistungskatalog. Recent advances in the evaluation of assessment methods using biomarkers: Biomarkers and the measurement of fatty acids. Zielsetzung, theorethisches Ausgangsmodell, methodische Vorgehensweise sowie wissenschaftliche und praktische Relevanz. Das Bayerische Kooperationsmodell. Frankfurt a. Der 3. Mehr Bewegen. Eine Zwischenbilanz der Modellvorhaben.

Tagungsband des Fachkongresses.